New Testament Quotations
It is a common thing for the enemies of God, espeically Jews, to insist that the New Testament books were written originally in Aramaic. They insist that Yahshua and His disciples spoke Aramaic primarily, and all this helps them to conceal their identity to the general public, and to perpetuate their lies. There is a preponderance of evidence in the New Testament itself that every book of it was originally penned in Greek. There is also a preponderance of evidence in Archaeology that – while Hebrew was spoken in Jerusalem at the time of Christ – Greek was the common language of Palestine. Even all of the coins of Herod and his successors contained Greek inscriptions, and not Hebrew or Aramaic, and most of the inscriptions of the period are in Greek, and no other language.
Dozens of second and third century papyri have been found in Archaeology containing copies of the New Testament books in Greek, yet no such manuscripts have been found in Aramaic. The earliest Aramaic (also called Syriac) versions date to the 3rd to 4th centuries and are proven to have been translated from Greek. Aside from this, there is also a preponderance of evidence in the Greek language itself, and the variations which occur across all known ancient Greek copies, that Greek was the original language of the Gospel (and so surely Isaiah 28:11 was fulfilled) and there is no other which these Greek manuscripts could have been translated from. There is also the fact that so many of the quotes made from the Old Testament are from the Greek of the Septuagint.
To the Greeks, a demon was a spirit-being that was perceived to be a god or goddess. In the New Testament the word is a spirit-being of lesser power and authority than God. The two differing perspectives reflect very well the Biblical assertions concerning the origin of idolatry and false religions. In the Dead Sea Scrolls, in the Enoch literature it is found that unclean spirits originated with the spirits of bastards, specifically those bastards created by the watchers (fallen angels) when they mixed their seed with other kinds. Paul explains in Colossians chapter 2, and more clearly in 1 Corinthians chapter 10, that these demons are the sources of the world's false religions. Paul says that “whatever the Nations sacrifice, they sacrifice to demons, and not to Yahweh”.
In Psalm 95 verse 5 in the Septuagint, the verse reads “For all the gods of the nations are demons: but the Lord made the heavens.” The King James Version has only idols at that verse. We also see the Greek word for demons at Isaiah 13:21 and 34:14, where the King James Version has satyrs and wild beasts instead.
An examination of Scripture, and especially the Septuagint, reveals that the people whom the Greeks called “Phoenicians” (and the word does not appear at all until it appears in Homer, who was probably a contemporary of Hosea and Isaiah) were certainly Israelites. Yet even the Septuagint in its translation sometimes confused Canaanites with the “Phoenicians”, which was somewhat true in 280 B.C. when the edition was translated. But it was not true of the period which Homer was writing about. For long after all of the Israelites who were deported by the Assyrians were gone, the Greeks continued to call the land “Phoenicia”, and the Canaanites who remained to inhabit it, along with whatever remnant of Israelites remained, they continued to call “Phoenicians.”
Christ is recorded as having quoted Hosea 6:6 on more than one occasion, often towards the Pharisees who were unforgiving religiously and who thought themselves pious through pomp. Yahweh's desire for Israel to do righteously rather than use sacrifice and ritual as a crutch is desired often throughout the Old Testament, and even in a translation of the Septuagint of the Proverbs we read:
“The beginning of a good way is to do justly; and it is more acceptable with God than to offer sacrifices. 8 He that seeks the Lord shall find knowledge with righteousness: and they that rightly seek him shall find peace.” - Proverbs 16:7-8 (LXX)
- Literacy In The Time of Jesus, in Biblical Archaeology Review, July-August 2003, p. 36
- Literacy In The Time of Jesus, in Biblical Archaeology Review, July-August 2003, p. 25
- Introduction to Nestle-Aland’s Novum Testamentum Graece, 27th edition, pages 65-68